Sunday, January 12, 2020

Language Teaching And Application Of Communication Technologies Education Essay

CALL – short for Computer-assisted linguistic communication acquisition is a signifier of computer-based acquisition focused on bettering individualised acquisition as it is a student-centered accelerated larning tool intended to ease the linguistic communication larning procedure. The beginning of the word CALL comes from the abbreviation CAI ( Computer-Accelerated Instruction ) and is a term viewed as an assistance for instructors. Some describe CALL as an attack to learning and larning foreign linguistic communications via the computing machine and different computer-based resources such as the Internet. However CALL is neither designed nor intended to replace face-to-face linguistic communication instruction but instead to better the self-study 1. The Computer-assisted linguistic communication acquisition can really good be used to supplement the group instruction. Since every bit early as the 1960s computing machines have helped linguistic communication instruction. Early in the yearss CALL developed into a symbiotic relationship between the development of engineering and pedagogy.The development of CALL can be divided into three phases: Behavioristic CALL, Communicative CALL and Integrative CALL. The first stage of CALL was based on the then-dominant behaviourist theories of larning. Programs of this stage entailed insistent linguistic communication drills and can be referred to as â€Å" drill and pattern † . In â€Å" drill and pattern † the computing machine serves as a vehicle for presenting instructional stuffs to the pupil. The 2nd stage of CALL was based on the communicative attack to learning which became widely used during the 1970s and 80s. This attack felt that the plans of the old decennary did non let adequate communicating and could non be of much value. The communicative CALL avoids stating pupils they are incorrect and is flexible to a assortment of pupil responses and uses the mark linguistic communication entirely and creates an environment in which utilizing the mark linguistic communication feels natural. The 3rd stage of CALL, the Integrative CALL, tries to incorporate the instruction of linguistic communication accomplishments into undertakings or undertakings to supply way and coherency. It coincides with the development of multimedia engineering. Name in this period is used for widening instruction beyond the schoolroom and reorganising direction. The design of modern CALL lessons by and large takes into consideration rules of linguistic communication teaching method derived from larning theories. Recent researches in CALL are in favor of a learner-centered exploratory attack where pupils are encouraged to seek different possible solutions to a job. Call and computational linguistics are separate but mutualist Fieldss of survey. The intent of computational linguistics is to learn computing machines to bring forth grammatically right sentences utilizing natural and fluid English. Since the computing machines have become so widespread in schools and places and they have become such valuable portion of people s mundane life that it obliged teaching method to develop in new ways to work the computing machine ‘s benefits and to work around its restrictions. A huge figure of pedagogical attacks have been developed in the computing machine age including the communicative and integrative attacks. Others include constructivism, whole linguistic communication theory and sociocultural theory. Using the constructivism theory pupils are urged to build new cognition based on experience so they can integrate new thoughts in their already-established scheme of cognition. Whole linguistic communication theory insists that in position of linguistic communication larning focal point alterations from the whole to the portion and instead than constructing sub-skills like grammar pupils should concentrate on higher abilities such as reading comprehension the manner to larn to utilize linguistic communication is the opposite.The sociocultural theory provinces that acquisition is a procedure of going portion of a desired community and larning through communities regulations of behaviour. Although all attacks are different in general they all take the focal point of larning off the instructors and province that pupils larning experiences has more to make with eloquence over truth in order to let pupils to collaborate, instead than vie. In malice of altering the function of the instructors in the educational system CALL does non extinguish the demand for a instructor wholly. In position of being the centre of pupils attending, instructors now become ushers as they help the pupils complete the assigned undertakings instead than merely educating them. Restricting the instructors presence has been shown to take to better quality of communicating such as more fluidness and more sharing of pupils personal egos. On the other manus, the pupils instead than passively absorbing information now they must absorb new information through interaction and coaction with each other. This should raise their self-esteem and assist their cognition to better linguistic communication scholars four accomplishments – hearing, speech production, reading and composing. Most CALL programmes are geared toward these receptive and productive accomplishments because of the current province of technological progresss. And those programmes h ave helped for the development of talking abilities a batch. Using confab has been shown to assist pupils routinize certain often-used looks to advance the development of talking accomplishments. The usage of engineering inside or outside the schoolroom tends to do the category more interesting. However, certain design issues impact merely how interesting the peculiar tool creates motive. Some ways to actuate the pupils is to personalise information, to hold animated objects on the screen or to supply a context that is non straight language-oriented. One benefit of increased motive is that pupils tend to pass more clip on undertakings when on the computing machine. Without computing machines, pupils can non truly act upon the patterned advance of the category content but computing machines can accommodate to the pupil. This normally means that the pupil controls the gait of the acquisition and that pupils can do picks in what and how to larn. With existent communicating Acts of the Apostless, instead than teacher-contrived 1s, pupils feel empowered and less afraid to reach others. Students believe they learn faster and better and larn more about civilization with computer-med iated communicating. The impact of CALL in foreign linguistic communication instruction has been modest. The restrictions of the engineering, due to the job with cost have been debatable. Computer engineering has improved greatly in the last three decennaries and demands placed on CALL have grown even more so. However, most of the jobs that appear in the literature on CALL have more to make with instructor outlooks and apprehensivenesss about what computing machines can make for the linguistic communication scholar and instructor. The most important factor that can take to the failure of CALL, or the usage of any engineering in linguistic communication instruction is non the failure of the engineering, but instead the failure to put adequately in teacher preparation and the deficiency of imaginativeness to take advantage of the engineering ‘s flexibleness. As active tool making positive motive in linguistic communication instruction and larning CALL is rooted in visual image as establishing rule in methodological analysis. Verbal and ocular are the two faces of the same coin.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Communication And Silence In Maxine Hong Kingstons The...

A member of the Executive Committee of the Vegetarian Society once questioned Gandhi, â€Å"Why is it that you never open your lips at a committee meeting? You are a drone† (Cain 189). Though the world today certainly knows of Gandhi, his peers once saw him as a drone as a result of his silence. Cultures linked with silence can conflict with other, more vocal cultures: a prominent example is the silence of Asia in contrast with the openness of America. Maxine Hong Kingston delves into this clash in her 1976 memoir The Woman Warrior, throughout which a young, insecure girl develops a voice of her own, gaining an increased appreciation for her Chinese-American heritage in the process. The world that she lives in values open communication, often†¦show more content†¦Two items are not the same—they are not comparable. Employing the word â€Å"different† to describe the countries of America and China demonstrates Maxine’s mother’s awareness of t he numerous dissimilarities between them. In her 2012 nonfiction book, Quiet, Susan Cain writes, â€Å"Westerners value boldness and verbal skill [†¦], while Asians prize quiet, humility, and sensitivity† (Cain 189), the same cultural differences that Maxine’s mother recognizes in The Woman Warrior. America prefers â€Å"verbal† communication, whereas China places more value on silence. In particular, American residents who straddle both Chinese and American cultures must face these two conflicting ideals. Maxine simultaneously lives in these two opposing cultures. Stemming from her Chinese upbringing, Maxine’s silence makes it hard for her to accept herself in the Western world. While reminiscing about her school life, she thinks, â€Å"It was when I found out I had to talk that school became a misery, that silence became a misery† (Kingston 166). The word â€Å"misery† generally indicates sadness or distress; furthermore, misery commonly causes debilitating symptoms—a person in a state of misery tends to be unable to function appropriately. Thus, when Maxine refers to silence becoming a â€Å"misery,† she means that it upsets her and that it prevents her from being fully present. When her school forces her to talk, Maxine becomes uncomfortable with her own silence. Consequently, herShow MoreRelatedThe Woman Warrior By Maxine Hong Kingston Essay1557 Words   |  7 PagesHathman 1 Rachele Hathman Professor Richard Potter ENC 1939 16 November 2016 The Woman Warrior Language is a system of communication used by humans either written or spoken to communicate our thoughts and feelings. Our thoughts and feelings we want to communicate to our loved ones, to our friends, to people we work with or go to school with and even to strangers. Maxine Hong Kingston in her memoir The Woman Warrior explores language and the use of language to express what Kingston finds as severalRead MoreThe Woman Warrior: A Tale of Identity1972 Words   |  8 PagesThe Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts by Maxine Hong Kingston is a collection of memoirs, a blend of Kingston’s autobiography with Chinese folklore. The book is divided into five interconnected chapters: No Name Woman, White Tigers, Shaman, At the Western Palace, and A Song for a Barbarian Reed Pipe. In No Name Woman, three characters are present: Kingston, Kingston’s mother, and Kingston’s aunt. This section starts off with Kingston’s mother retelling the story of her aunt and herRead MoreAsian American Narratives Defined By The Intergenerational Model1120 Words   |  5 Pagesstyles and character interactions, Asian American novels, in particular Maxine Hong Kingston’s The Woman Warrior and Tao Lin’s Taipei, uphold this intergenerational model, to some extent, whereby a structured series of events effectively portray the personal ethnic difficulties many second generation Asian Americans face within the American context. Strictly following the intergenerational model, Kingston’s The Woman Warrior explicitly details all three steps of the model in resolving her Asian AmericanRead MoreLiterary Analysis of No Name Woman6151 Words   |  25 PagesA short literary analysis of Maxine Kingstons classic â€Å"No Name Woman† As part of the first generation of Chinese-Americans, Maxine Hong Kingston writes about her struggle to distinguish her cultural identity through an impartial analysis of her aunt’s denied existence.   In â€Å"No Name Woman,† a chapter in her written memoirs, Kingston analyzes the possible reasons behind her disavowed aunt’s dishonorable pregnancy and her village’s subsequent raid upon her household.   And with a bold statement

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Machiavelli Essay - 1855 Words

Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Machiavelli The thirteenth through the eighteenth century brought profound changes in the political realm of Western civilization. Beginning with the Scientific Revolution and only advancing during the Renaissance, secularization and skepticism lead to changes in not only the intellectual life of Westerners, but also to their politics. At the forefront of the political debate were well-versed men such as Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. The influences of these men, though often criticized, can clearly be seen in the centuries and decades following their noted works. Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau shared many concepts, but the similarities between their theories end at the word politics.†¦show more content†¦Machiavelli identifies the interests of the prince with the interests of the state. He felt that it was human nature to be selfish, opportunistic, cynical, dishonest, and gullible, which in essence, can be true. The state of nature was one of conflict; but conflic t, Machiavelli reasoned, could be beneficial under the organization of a ruler. Machiavelli did not see all men as equal. He felt that some men were better suited to rule than others. I believe that this is true in almost any government. However, man in general, was corrupt -- always in search of more power. He felt that because of this corruptness, an absolute monarch was necessary to insure stability. Machiavelli outlined what characteristics this absolute ruler should have in The Prince. One example of this can be seen in his writings concerning morality. He saw the Judeo-Christian values as faulty in the states success. Such visionary expectations, he held, bring the state to ruin, for we do not live in the world of the ought, the fanciful utopia, but in the world of is. The princes role was not to promote virtue, but to insure security. He reasoned that the Judeo-Christian values would make a ruler week if he actually possessed them, but that they could be useful in dealing with the citizens if the prince seemed to have these qualities. Another example of Machiavellis ideal characteristics of a princeShow MoreRelatedWhat Have Theorists Meant by Liberty? Essay example1589 Words   |  7 Pagescould be described has having considerably more liberty when compared with many of the less developed Arab nations. Theorists have studied the concept of liberty for centuries and there have been a number of different definitions, from people like Machiavelli to more modern theorists like Mill. It is the fundamental value that allows people to make decisions for themselves in civilised society. Without liberty, people would live in a situation where every last detail of their lives is dictated to themRead MoreRousseau s Views On Private Property2452 Words   |  10 PagesThe quote was made by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) in his creation â€Å"On Social Contract (1762)† (Rousseau, Social Contract, 4). Rousseau’s discourse on private property can be understood as a response to John Locke’s theories regarding property – and especially to Locke’s labor theory and the government’s role in it (assumption based on the similarity of their discourse). According to Locke’s labor theory, a man’s labor defines his right to own something (Locke, Second Treatise Government, 16)Read MoreNiccolo Machiavellis Change In The Scientific Revolution And Secularism Essay1334 Words   |  6 PagesCatholic Counter-Reformation, as well as the Protestant Reformation, and Niccolo Machiavelli wrote his famous book The Prince, which would serve as the basis for political science and political realism. Machiavelli had experience in politics, serving as several roles in the Florentine government. Machiavelli aimed to securalize politics by taking religion and morality out of it. Perhaps this idea of secularization would lead Locke, Jefferson, and Bentham to advocate for the separation of the church and theR ead MorePolitical Philosophy Is Not Just Applied Moral Philosophy Essay2560 Words   |  11 Pagesand the right or the good political order.† In the history of political philosophy, many philosophers have born and influence the era with their theory. There some renowned philosopher from ancient time to modern are Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau etc.They gave theory on state, Justice, government, education. In western political history Plato is a legend philosopher whose thought considered wealth of the century and till influence the people’s thinking world.The Republic isRead MorePlato And Aristotle s Views On Political Philosophy Essay3649 Words   |  15 PagesAristotle mainly puts emphasis on the institutions of the state. Another famous political thinker, Machiavelli, in his book, The Prince, states about the nature of human. He asserted that good ruler sometimes has to learn to be not good to maintain the stability of state. According to him, man by nature is selfish, self centered and greedy. Man remains unsatisfied and aggressive. Machiavelli considers state as the highest association and citizens are not above law. The Prince is the absoluteRead MorePolitical Philosophy, By Steven Cahn1197 Words   |  5 PagesIn Steven Cahn s book, Political Philosophy, The Essential Texts, philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau created the circumstances to enable the fundamental principals of philosophy and politics. These knowledgeable, astute and significant men have helped to achieve the structure of our past and present democracy as well as a plan of action for the rights and values that we as citizens can all relate to today. They are grounded in their thinking and tie d togetherRead MorePolitical Science And Political Philosophy Essay3559 Words   |  15 Pageswill help the citizens to understand why things need to be changed.†Political philosophy explores the nature, principles, and rationale that underlie the exercise of government†.[Hudelson,1999] Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Karl Marx, Thomas Hobbes, john Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau were well known major political thinkers. Plato gives the concept of ideal state where the state is like a human including three elements-philosophers, soldiers and workers .The philosopher is like a king who makesRead MoreEssay on Democracy vs Absolutism745 Words   |  3 Pagesdemocracy. Throughout the enlightenment there were philosophes who believed greatly in a democratic government. Some of the most familiar philosophes were Voltaire, John Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau. Each one of these philosophes were humanists and believed in natural rights. John Locke quotes an example of natural rights in document 5. Locke states in this document that all men are born with the natural rights of life liberty, and property, the government is to protect these rights, and if the governmentRead MoreA Review of Ethics Concepts Theories2669 Words   |  11 PagesConcepts Theories Educational Objectives: 1. Explain the type of problem that is addressed by philosophers. 2. Explain how ethical norms help address ethical issues that arise in accountancy. 3. Contrast the views of Mills, Machiavelli and Kant. 4. Describe what is meant by a social contract. 5. Analyze a given situation and tell why it would be appropriate or inappropriate to lie. 6. Explain the views of Kierkegaard and contrast him from other existentialistsRead MoreEssay on Differentiating Marx and Rousseau2189 Words   |  9 Pagesphilosophers Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Karl Marx dreamt up and developed unique theories of total revolution. Although similar in their intention to dissolve dividing institutions such as religion and class structure, as well as their shared reluctance to accept the rather less hopeful conclusions of government and man that had been drawn by their predecessors Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, the blueprints Rousseau and Marx had printed were cited to two very different sources. Rousseau approached the problem

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

The Kantian View of Animal Ethics - 1841 Words

Kant’s Ethics of Metaphysics: A Response To the Charge of Speciesism I. In this paper I will present the charge of speciesism contended by many animal right’s activists. I will attempt to substantiate Immanuel Kant’s view on animal morality and justify how his philosophy is not in violation of speciesism. Furthermore, I will explain how the Kantian view still grants animals some moral consideration through the designation of â€Å"indirect duties†. Lastly, I will present a difficulty with accepting the Kantian view of â€Å"indirect duties† towards animals. Moral quandaries regarding animals are still demanding the attention of many philosophers as they attempt to modify and inspect the relationship between morality and social policy.†¦show more content†¦So we are left with the daunting question: is there any validity to Pollan’s claim? At first it would appear that Kant presupposes human beings as the only species worthy of morality without giving any explanatory criterion. Kant develops one of his foundation al doctrines called â€Å"The Categorical Imperative†, which can be summarized in the following sentence: â€Å"Act in such a way that you treat humanity in such a way, whether in ourselves or in others, as an end in itself† (Groundwork II). It seems that Kant believes that human beings bar none deserve what he calls ‘respect’ or what we are calling moral consideration. However, after a closer examination it becomes apparent that Kant is not guilty of speciesism at all. In a remarkably similar excerpt Kant says, â€Å"as rational beings, we must always at the same time be valued as ends (pg 239 4:430). It is almost as if Kant just substituted the phrase humanity with rational beings. When both excerpts are read in conjunction it becomes apparent that Kant includes human beings into his moral system not because of an arbitrary nepotism towards his own kind (homo sapiens) but because of a human being’s attribute of rationality. In other words, Kantâ €™s criterion for moral considerability is rationality and not intelligence. When Kant says to treat humanity in such aShow MoreRelatedThe Ethical Theories Of Utilitarianism And Kantian Ethics Essay1650 Words   |  7 PagesIn this essay, I will be discussing an article about a woman who starved her two horses. I will address the issue about whether or not the woman’s action was ethical. I will use the two ethical theories of utilitarianism and Kantian ethics to support my argument. I will also suggest a different course of action the woman could have taken to be justified, through both ethical theories. The article follows the story about an Australian woman who breached her duty of care to two horses that she ownedRead MoreA Good Deed Of The Elephants1639 Words   |  7 Pagessuch as preserving animal populations. That would be a big win for animal activists, and the government is appealing to that group. This is where utilitarianism plays into the minds of government officials. The government wants to do what is best for the nation, so selling the ivory stockpile to fund conservation programs is their plan to achieve that desire. As long as the government does not authorize or promote the killing or harming of elephants, it is doing a good deed. Its view of utilitarianismRead MoreMoral Theories Can Help Justify The Decisions That Are Made882 Words   |  4 Pagesa more general level than moral or legal principles and rules. The four main groups that one should be aware of are: Utilitarian, Kantian, Aristotelian and Feminist. Utilitarian Utilitarianism is based on maximizing human welfare, it is seen as the only way to determines the rightness of actions (Duignan, 2015). Furthermore, theory is in opposition to egoism, the view that a person should pursue his own self-interest, even at the expense of others, and to any ethical theory that regards some actsRead MoreA Defense of Euthanasia1265 Words   |  6 Pagesthat oppose this view. For the purpose of this essay, I will be defending those who are for euthanasia. My thesis, just by looking at this issue from a logical standpoint, is that if someone is suffering, I believe they should be allowed the right to end their lives, either by their own consent or by someone with the proper authority to make the decision. No living being should leave this world in suffering. To go about obtaining my thesis, I will first present my opponents view on the issue. I willRead MoreA Proper Moral Guideline For A Rational Being1664 Words   |  7 Pagesconsequentialism, which is supp orted by Bentham and Mill, Kantian ethics which is essentially penned by Kant, and virtue ethics, of which Aristotle’s version would be the best example to represent that field of theory. The essence of this argument lies in what the three theories seek in order to understand our moral limits in accordance to positive and negative reaction of such ideas and overall acceptance and application of such theories; with virtue ethics being the basis of the argument contribute to creatingRead MoreImmanuel Kant And The Principle Of Morality1279 Words   |  6 Pagesact autonomously. John Stuart Mill was responsible for putting forth the utilitarian ethical theory. Utilitarianism is a theory which states an exceptional action is one which maximizes one’s utility. The well-being of humans and sentient animals is the true definition of utility. Utility can also be defined as the sum of all pleasure that results from an action, minus the suffering of anyone involved. Therefore, if an act performed is has the intention of being for the greater good of humanityRead MoreFeminist Ethics : A Better Alternative Than Traditional Normative Ethical Theories Essay1540 Words   |  7 Pagesthe question: Could feminist ethics provide a â€Å"better† alternative than traditional normative ethical theories? In order to answer this question, one must have an understanding of what feminist ethics is and what it aims to accomplish. According to Rosemarie Tong and Nancy Williams, feminist ethics is â€Å"an attempt to revise, reformulate, or rethink tradition al ethics to the extent it depreciates or devalues women s moral experience.† An important point in feminist ethics is to understand how genderRead MoreUtilatarian, Deontology and Virtue Ethics1618 Words   |  7 PagesUtilitarianism is defined as ethic based on consequences. An act, either it is morally wrong or good is acceptable as long as the end outcome is greater. In this essay on utilitarianism, I would argue Peter Singer’s calculus preferences, equality is for all living being but sacrificing one for greater good is plausible. Counter argument of Immanuel Kant’s moral deontology claim, it is immoral to consider a human being as a means to an end. John Mills’ actions are right as long they promote happinessRead MoreKant And Aldo Leopold s Ethics Regarding Sustainability And Personal Obligation3383 Words   |  14 PagesThe ethics of sustainability has become increasingly relevant as more and more countries acknowledge global climate change and the subsequent environmental crisis. Recent evidence strongly suggests that the vast majority of environmental crises, including climate change, are caused and perpetuated by humans. Perhaps the silver lining to the fact that environmental crises are anthropogenic is that we, as a species, have the opportunity to control the problem by changing our behaviors. This paper exploresRead MoreWhy Natural Law Theory Is an Inadequate Criticism of Homosexuality1147 Words   |  5 Pagesargument more clearly, because there are certain semantic inconsistencies with Kantian ethical Theory that will be discussed further on. Let us first consider the premise that homosexuality is contrary to Natural Law, because the Natural Law dictates that sexual relationships must be heterosexual and have as a (perhaps eventual) goal of reproduction. According to an Australian newspaper, there are 450 species of animals on the Earth that practice homosexuality. Although asexual worms may come to

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Research Methodology for Business and Management Tesco Plc

Question: An analysis of the effectiveness of social media marketing in shaping consumer attitudes towards brands; a case study of Tesco Plc. Answer: Introduction The wide spread and rise of Internet and the quickly developing buyers' digital media utilization drove organizations involved in distinctive business divisions to consider another method for correspondence with clients (Cheong and Morrison, 2008). Among the quickest developing online apparatuses for coming to the customers is the supposed "social media" (Trusov, Bucklin Pauwels, 2009). Here it can be said that the social media is turning into an essential part in the lives of the individuals and it can be viewed later marketing methodologies done within that domain. The representation of social media to the online contents, freely made and accessible to end clients. It is turning into one of the principle instruments used to spread data among clients. Social media sites, blogs, or content communities all speak to different individual groups that make and offer contents outside and inside of expert schedules. This sensation for the marketers is of high enthusiasm as online media is turning into an essential source of client data imparting, mindfulness, backing and strengthening (Kaplan and Haenlein, 2010). Therefore social media permits organizations to viably and reasonably take part in direct customer contact, coming to levels of proficiency without a doubt higher than whatever other customary promoting specialized devices (Berthon et al, 2008). There are numerous confirmations and illustrations how organizations use online media for a greater proficient correspondence and good outcomes. It is reported by Facebook in 2010 that over 400 million clients and among then 1.5 million are other business units (Hepburn, 2010). Advertisers ought to consequently get to be more mindful of the significance of these stages what's more, the data spread all through them. The majority of the previously stated truths make online media a fascinating field for examination. They additionally demonstrate its critical administrative importance and scholastic enthusiasm through the absence of numerous past discoveries. Like Larry Weber in 2009 in his book "Marketing to the social web" says: Social media is another methodology that has the limit of changing general conclusion consistently, minute, indeed a second. And, why not shifting brand attitude of the customers? Rational for this study It can be said that in reality where the data and web take a critical part in people groups' lives, the online media sensation will be an intriguing point to examination, and in addition its impact on clients' disposition toward brands. Numerous organizations and extraordinary brands were influenced by the monetary emergency in the late years. Their yearly deals were tumbling down and consumer loyalty was very nearly lessened. The crisis in economy in the end wasn't the main explanation behind the brands disappointment. Brands like MySpace and GAP had to face challenges due to perception issues and had to rebrand. Organizations are always paying consideration on the change of client's feelings and inclination and are attempting to be exceptional with the development of new advancements and in the end stay beside issues of that character. According to Murphy (2011), social media is likewise increasing critical significance in the business part. Around 51% of individuals are permitted to utilize Twitter or Facebook for business purposes at the working spot, contrasted with barely 19% in 2009. Each organization's point is to make positive brand mentality or if not positive, then at any rate a state of mind that will prompt beneficial results, driving positions available and open doors for future development. Thusly the investigation of social media and what is the viability of stages of social media stages on clients' state of mind toward brands will give productive and supportive bits of knowledge to organizations. Research Problem When it initially began its online supermarket, Tesco utilized mass-mailing as a key system for promoting the brand. Anyway following a year, the retailer was confronted with issues, for example, ricocheting of messages and invalid locations. Then, on its devotion front, it likewise saw a decrease in customers. Then Tesco identified that mass-mailing is not just enough to promote the brand, it is very important to make personalised promotions and reach the customers. They understood the need of customers, for whom the social media became the part and parcel of their lives. Then innovative social media strategies of Tesco, now has put forward the services towards customers at heart of every communication. References Berthon, P., Pitt, L. and Campbell, C. (2008). Ad Lib: When Customers Create the Ad. California Management Review, 50(4), pp.6-30. Cheong, H. and Morrison, M. (2008). Consumers Reliance on Product Information and Recommendations Found in UGC. Journal of Interactive Advertising, 8(2), pp.38-49. Hepburn, A. (2010). Facebook: Facts, Figures Statistics For 2010|Digital Buzz Blog. [online] Digitalbuzzblog.com. Available at: https://www.digitalbuzzblog.com/facebook-statistics-facts-figures-for-2010/ [Accessed 22 Mar. 2015]. Kaplan, A. and Haenlein, M. (2010). Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of Social Media. Business Horizons, 53(1), pp.59-68. Murphy, R. (2011). Do Companies Need Social Media?. [online] Social Media Today. Available at: https://www.socialmediatoday.com/content/do-companies-need-social-media [Accessed 22 Mar. 2015]. Trusov, M., Bucklin, R. and Pauwels, K. (2009). Effects of Word-of-Mouth versus Traditional Marketing: Findings from an Internet Social Networking Site. SSRN Journal, 73(5), pp.90-102.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Leagalizing Marijuana Essay Example Essay Example

Leagalizing Marijuana Essay Example Paper Leagalizing Marijuana Essay Introduction Smoking weed is nothing new to most Americans. This is generally speaking, but it is safe to say that most Americans have either experimented or know some that are active weed smokers. Smoking weed seems to be a relatively harmless drug when compared to legal drugs and alcohol. Marijuana and other illicit drugs became mainstream in the 1960’s. Marijuana is less addictive and less fatal. Marijuana usage has been popularized across generations and cultures as an â€Å"acceptable† drug. The conversations about Mary Jane (slang term for marijuana) can be plenty. There are the issues of whether marijuana should be legal. Is marijuana a â€Å"gateway† drug to more dangerous or addictive drugs? Do the government handle marijuana related crimes appropriately? Marijuana is illegal. It is illegal to smoke, sale, and possess marijuana in Indiana. Different states are seeming to lean toward making weed legal. Many states have already adopted to allow marijuana usuage for med icinal purposes. Patients are being prescribed legal medical marijuana in places like Rhode Island for cancerous treatments. These are the trends in leniency towards a controlled substance that seemingly has less harmful physical effects than cigarettes. Marijuana usuage is moving closer towards legalization nationwide for medicinal usage and recreational usage. The only issue is the abuse of this drug by those not of legal age. According to the Webster definition, Marijuana is the dried leaves and flowering tops of the pistillate hemp plant that yield THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and is smoked in cigarettes for their intoxicating effect. Leagalizing Marijuana Essay Body Paragraphs The main ingredient to marijuana is THC, and this is what causes the intoxicating effects to the user. The side effects of smoking marijuana range from delayed judgement, increased appetite, and a slight feeling of euphoria (Webster). These are the side effects of using marijuana called the â€Å"high†. The level of ‘high’ will vary from person to person and the amount of marijuana used. Chronic usage of marijuana is not physically addictive, but it is mildly psychologically habit forming (Webster). The excessive user is usually portrayed in the media as lazy and lacks ambition. There are no chemicals in marijuana that makes it addicting like nicotin is addictive in cigarettes. Although marijuana is an illegal controlled substance, some may justify their usage by pointing out weed’s ‘positives’ and opposing it with the ‘negatives’ of other drugs. It is not legal or socially acceptable to go into a public place and smoke a blunt (ma rijuana rolled in a cigar wrap). However, you can buy drinks in a bar and drive home drunk. This is not always the absolute case, but the point is, which of the two is more harsh? Cocaine has been seen as a more socially acceptable drug through a more lavish culture in the 1980’s, but it’s effects are more dangerous than marijuana as well. Marijuana usage is the highest among all illegal drugs. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, World Drug Report 2012, alcohol and tobacoo users die in more significant numbers of any users of illict drugs (New Internationalist). People lose their lives in significant numbers from drunk drivers’ irresponsibility. Smoking cigarettes is confirmed to cause cancer, and they will kill you. People continue to smoke. One of the oppositions to the cigarette versus weed argument is that marijuana smoke can be just as harmful as cigarette smoke. The way you smoke marijuana and the way you smoke cigarettes are differe nt. Marijuana smoke is inhaled and exhaled slower and longer. Cigarettes are inhaled and exhaled quicker. It is believed that marijuana has just as much carcinogens as cigarettes, which is a cancer causing agent. Marijuana has 50-70% more carcinogens than cigarettes (Winterfeld). Marijuana smokers are at some harm with the carcinogens that causes cancer, but marijuana is also known for helping to cure cancer and an array of other medical issues. Medical marijuana has been proven to be beneficial in an series of health issues and that is why it should be legalized for those purposes. Marijuana has been known to treat various forms of cancer, glaucoma, and AIDS (Webster). There is also an example of a guy being prescribed medical marijuana for stress on the job (Manley). Many states are adopting laws that allow the sale and usage of medical marijuana. There are currently 16 States and the District of Columbus that have legalized marijuana for medical use, Colorado and Washington has l aws that permit marijuana for recreational use (Malinowski,Winterfeld). Medical marijuana brings revenue to states and it is taxed three ways: the grower, processor, and retailer (Malinowski). States that are adopting these laws that permit marijuana usage for medical and recreational reasons are benefiting economically, but marijuana smokers are still subject to the same smoking laws as cigarette smokers. Even in those states that have no smoking laws in public places, the same laws apply for marijuana smokers (Winterfeld). There is supposedly a second-hand ‘high’ you feel from second hand smoke from marijuana, unlike cigarettes this may or may not have a negative effect on the bystander. Aside from the medical issues, and economic issues related to refer (another name for marijuana), medical marijuana is just as risky as any other drug when used irresponsibly by irresponsible individuals. Using drugs has consequences that can affect so many aspects of your life. The v ulnerable teenage years can be trying and adding drugs can lead to a downward slope through negativity. The majority of addictions begin in the adolescent years. There is a significant amount of adults who support legalization of marijuana for recreational use. Since there are health issues related to marijuana usage, these supporters believe marijuana should only be legal for adults 21 years and older. The teenage brain is still developing and using drugs will damage the student putting them at risk for academic failure (Scutti). Failure in academics lead to failures in life after adolescence. The compulsive marijuana user has a list of long term health effects. Excessive marijuana usage over a long period of time will cause the teen’s brain to be â€Å"hard wired† to crave the drug. Compulsive weed smoking can cause problems in relationships, emotional maturity, and jobs. There is also studies that show marijuana usage is linked to early onset schizophrenia and a sig nificant IQ impairment (The News Tribune). These negative issues that comes along with using drugs are very heavy for teenagers. It is important that marijuana, no matter how small we think it is compared to other drugs, should definitely be regulated. Marijuana seems to have relatively less negative effects physically and socially, but it is illegal and the minority drug dealers are often treated unfairly compared to whites that commit the same crimes. The government is seeming to have a hard time with regulating and reducing drug laws and convictions. There has not been a decrease in demand for illegal drugs. The demand for marijuana has increased by 8% from 1998 to 2008. It is also noted that cocaine’s demand increased by 27% and the demand for opiates increased by 34% (The Internationalist). The harder the drug, the more the demand increases. The physical and social harm that any drugs cause cannot really be compared as to which one is worse, but this logic can be applied when we look at the resources that the government use for drug related cases and the unfair convictions when it comes to race. Whites use drugs just as often as blacks, and they are arrested for drug related crimes in the same numbers. Blacks and hispanics are convicted more often than whites though (The Internationalist). This logic is simple, it would be beneficial for lawmakers to consider or reconsider marijuana in terms of drug laws. Marijuana isn’t as harmful, and to place people in prison for marijuana related charges may eventually be obsolete. One of the major concerns about legalizing marijuana, is the accessibility for the youth. Marijuana, like any street drug is easily obtainable. Drug dealers of all forms supply marijuana to users in several different venues. It is even believed that one could buy marijuana from an unnamed library in Indiana the 1970’s. Marijuana is also grown as a cash crop or for personal usage (Manly). The easy access to marijuana mak es it easier for impressionable teenagers to become addictive and experiment with other illicit drugs. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, World Drug Report 2012, atleast 25% of teenagers in the US have reported drug use. Drug use peaks between the ages of 18-25, and the typical age for drug related deaths is around the mid thirties (The International). This is a short window for teenagers that promote to higher drugs through their adulthood to death. The belief that weed is a gateway drug raises concern for our youth to increase their life span. Drug abusers do not live long. The issue of legalizing marijuana remains to be a multi-faceted issue. Marijuana is good because it is therapeutic in chemotherapy and other terminal illnesses. Medical marijuana is also good for struggling economies to gain extra revenue. Marijuana isn’t as â€Å"bad† as other drugs like crack, or even legal drugs like cigarettes and alcohol. The effects from the ‘hi gh’ may not be as dangerous as a drunk from alcohol. Marijuana can be just as harmful as cigarettes, and are subject to the same laws as the states that are banning tobacco smoke in public places. More states are being more lenient in their drug laws for marijuana use, but this trend has to be regulated to protect our youth. We will write a custom essay sample on Leagalizing Marijuana Essay Example specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Leagalizing Marijuana Essay Example specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Leagalizing Marijuana Essay Example specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Billy Graham Essays - Billy Graham, Free Essays, Term Papers

Billy Graham Essays - Billy Graham, Free Essays, Term Papers Billy Graham This is the Hour of Decision with Billy Graham, coming to you from Minneapolis Minnesota Billy Graham, has preached to more than 210 million people through a live audience, more than anyone else in history. Not only that, but Mr. Graham has reached millions more through live televison, video and film. This has led Billy to be on the Ten Most Admired Men in the World from the Gallup Poll since 1955 a total of thirty-nine times. This includes thirty-two consecutive more than any other individual in the world, placing him as the most popular American for about forty years. This essay is going to talk about Graham's personal life, and what kind of family he grew up in and im also going to talk in detail about how he became an evangelist, because I feel it is very important yet interesting. His accomplishments in the fifties are uncomparable, so I will be including a considerable amount of information concerning that topic. Finally I will be talking about his personal achievements, books written, and how he has been a companion to some of the American Presidents. William Franklin Graham Jr. was born in Charlotte, North Carolina on November 17, 1918. Graham was raised on a dairy farm by William Franklin (deceased 1962) and Morrow Coffey Graham (deceased 1981). In 1943 he married his wife Ruth McCue Bell, and had four children Virginia 1945, Anne Morrow 1948, Ruth Bell 1950, William Franklin, Jr. 1952, and Nelson Edman 1958. At age eighty, he keeps fit by swimming, playing with is nineteen grand children, and from aerobic walking, in the mountains of North Carolina, where he currently lives. (Billy Graham Best Sellers, 1999) Billy Graham told Time Magazine in one article about his life before becoming a preacher. I lived on a farm. The only difference was I had to get up early in the morning and go milk cows. When I came back from school that day, I had to milk those same cows. There were about twenty cows I had to milk. By hand. That was before they had those machines. I loved being a farmer. But God called me to this work that I'm in now. I knew it was God calling. I said, Yes. I will follow what God wants me to do. And so I went to two or three schools to get education. Then I became a pastor of a church. Then I went into evangelism. (Graham, 1999) Graham got his first lesson of the worlds way of the mysterious God, while he was a teen working on his father's farm. Graham's father who was a working man had a calling to go out and to become a preacher, but because of the farm, he never got the chance to do so. Instead he tried to live his own passion through his son, Billy Graham. He was raised by two strict Calvinist parents, who showed him that hard work and honesty was the way all people should live in Gods World. Although Graham rejected these views by his parents, he was still influenced spiritually from his upbringing. At age seventeen, Graham was in the position just like many other seventeen years old's he knew. Graham was popular in high school with the girls, played sports such as basketball and baseball, but was lost on what his future would have in store for him. During this time an evangelist named Mordecai Ham came to Charlotte, to have a three-month revival. He never took too much to the idea, because he did not want to be stuck in a long and boring job that would make him sorry he was ever born. When all of Graham's options for summer nights ran out, he decided to go to the revival, and to see what it was all about. All the time keeping in the back of his mind how he grew up in such a religious family, and how his father always wanted him to take up preaching. One night Ham was speaking out against sinners, and Graham felt that he was talking directly to him, although he was considered a good kid. So to escape the direct gaze of Ham, he joined the revival